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Shivadance

An outline of the Greek Rhetorica ad Alexandrum, attributed to Aristotle but perhaps written by Anaximenes, is contemporary with Aristotle's Rhetoric but continues an older tradition. In this outline a number of features that distinguish it from both Aristotle's Rhetoric and another ancient handbook, the Latin Rhetorica ad Herennium, can be identified.

Rhetorica Ad Alexandrum OutlineEdit

Salutation (1420a-1421b)Edit

Kinds of Oratory (1421b)Edit

Kinds
Species

Invention (1421b-1436a)Edit

Topics (1421b-1428a)Edit

1. Topics of Parliamentary Rhetoric

Appeals: Justice, Legality, Expedience, Honor etc.
Subjects: Ritual, legislation, constitution, treaties, war, peace, finance.

2. Topics of Ceremonial Rhetoric
3. Topics of Forensic Rhetoric
4. Topics of Investigational Rhetoric

Proofs (1428a-1432b)Edit

1. Direct (words, actions, persons)

Probability
Example
Token
Consideration (enthymeme)
Maxim
Sign
Refutation
Differences among forms of proof

2. Supplementary

Opinion of the speaker
Testimony
Torture
Oath

Other Expedients (1432b-1436a)Edit

1. Anticipation
2. Postulates
3. Recapitulation
4. Irony
5. Agreeable style, length
6. Diction (syntax)
7. Twofold statements
8. Clarity
9. Parallelisms

Arrangement (1436a-1445b)Edit

Antithesis
Parisosis
Paromoeosis

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