Sources on Ethos and Pathos in classical rhetoric and rhetorical critism.  Extends to persona, voice, audience and identification in modern theory.  Ethos and pathos ancient or modern cannot be separated as they are two different sides of the same proof. Comprehensive on classical theory of ethos and pathos--selective and subjective on other aspects of voice and personae.


Allard-Nelson, Susan K. "Virtue in Aristotle's Rhetoric: A Metaphysical and Ethical Capacity." Philosophy & Rhetoric 34 (2001): 245-259.

Andrews, James R. "The Ethos of Pacifism: The Problem of Image in the Early British Peace Movement." Quarterly Journal of Speech 53 (1967): 28-33.

Benson, Thomas W. "Rhetoric and Autobiography: The Case of Malcolm X." Quarterly Journal of Speech 60 (1974): 1-13.

Baumlin, James S., ed. Ethos: New Essays in Rhetorical and Critical Theory. Dallas: Southern Methodist UP, 1994.

Black, Edwin. "The Second Persona." Quarterly Journal of Speech 56 (1970): 109-119.

Boss, George P. "Essential Attributes of the Concept of Charisma." Southern Speech Communication Journal 41 (1975): 300-313.

Bowden, Melody A. "Tweeting an Ethos: Emergency Messaging, Social Media, and Teaching Technical Communication". Technical Communication Quarterly. 23-1 (2014): 35-54.

Brizee, Allen. Driscoll, Dana. Sproat, Ethan. "Aristotle's Rhetorical Situation." Purdue University Online Writing Lab. (2012)

Browne, Stephen H. "Encountering Angelina Grimké: Violence, Identity, and the Creation of Radical Community." Quarterly Journal of Speech 82 (1996): 55-73.

Campbell, J. Louis. "Jimmy Carter and the Rhetoric of Charisma." Central States Speech Journal 30 (1979): 174-186.

Carpenter, Ronald H. "Alfred Thayer Mahan's Style on Sea Power: A Paramessage Conducing to Ethos." Speech Monographs 42 (1975): 190-202.

Chamberlain, Charles. "From Haunts to Character: The Meaning of Ethos and Its Relation to Ethics," Helios 11(1984): 97-108.

Cheng, Martha S. "Colin Powell's Speech to the UN: A Discourse Analytic Study of Reconstituted Ethos." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 42/5 (2012): 424-449.

Clark, Thomas. "Rhetorical Image-Making: A Case Study of the Thomas Paine-William Smith Propaganda Debates." Southern Speech Communication Journal 40 (1974): 248-261.

Connors, Robert J. "The Differences Between Speech and Writing: Ethos, Pathos, and Logos." National Council of Teachers of English (1979): 285-290.

Conquergood, Thomas. "Boasting in Anglo-Saxon England: Performance and the Heroic Ethos." Literature in Performance 1 (1980): 24-35.

Constantinides, Helen. "The Duality of Scientific Ethos: Deep and Surface Structures." Quarterly Journal of Speech 87 (2001): 61-72.

Corder, Jim W. "Efficient Ethos in Shane, With a Proposal for Discriminating Among Kinds of Ethos." Communication Quarterly 25 (1977): 28-31.

---. "Ethical Argument and Rambler No. 154." Quarterly Journal of Speech 54 (1968): 352-356.

Corts, Thomas E. "Special Report: The Derivation of Ethos." Speech Monographs 35 (1968): 201-202.

Darsey, James. "Joe McCarthy's Fantastic Moment." Communication Monographs 62 (1995): 65-86.

---. "The Legend of Eugene Debs: Prophetic Ethos as Radical Argument." Quarterly Journal of Speech 74 (1988): 434-452.

Day, Dennis G. "Persuasion and the Concepts of Identification." Quarterly Journal of Speech 46 (1960): 270-273.

Doss, Erin, adn Robin E. Jensen.  "Balancing Mystery and Identification:  Dolores Huerta's Shifting Transcendent Persona." Quarterly Journal of Speech 99/4 (2013): 481-506.

Fortenbaugh, William W. Aristotle on Emotion. London: Duckworth, 1975.

---. "Aristotle's Accounts of Persuasion through Character." Theory, Text, Context: Issues in Greek Rhetoric and Oratory. Ed. Christopher Lyle Johnstone. Albany : State U of New York P, 1996. 147-168.

---. "Theophrastus on Fate and Character." Arktouros: Hellenic studies Presented to Bernard M. W. Knox on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday. Ed. G. W. Bowersock and W. Burkert. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1979. 372-375.

Freeley, Austin J. "Ethos, Eisenhower, and the 1956 Campaign." Central States Speech Journal 9 (1958): 24-26.

Gaines, Robert N. "Identification and Redemption in Lysias' Against Eratosthenes." Central States Speech Journal 30 (1979): 199-210.

Garrett, Mary M. "Pathos Reconsidered from the Perspective of Classical Chinese Rhetorical Theories." Quarterly Journal of Speech 79 (1993): 19-39.

Hogan, J. Michael, and Glen Williams. "Republican Charisma and the American Revolution: The Textual Persona of Thomas Paine's Common Sense." Quarterly Journal of Speech 86 (2000): 1-18.

Kaiser, Alvin R. "Style and Personal Appeal of Adlai E. Stevenson." Western Speech 18 (1954): 181-185.

Kendall, Kathleen Edgerton, and Jeanne Y. Fisher. "Frances Wright on Women's Rights: Eloquence Versus Ethos." Quarterly Journal of Speech 60 (1974): 58-68.

Killingsworth, M. Jimmie. “Rhetorical Appeals: A Revision.” Rhetoric Review, 24 (2005): 249–263.

Kirkpatrick, Walter G. "Bolingbroke and the Opposition to Sir Robert Walpole: The Role of a Fictitious Persona in Creating an Audience." Central States Speech Journal 32 (1981): 12-23.

Knox, G. "An Epitaphic Note on Sincerity." Western Speech 24 (1960): 12-17.

Lee, Ronald, and James R. Andrews. "A Story of Rhetorical-Ideological Transformation: Eugene V. Debs as Liberal Hero." Quarterly Journal of Speech 77 (1991): 20-37.

Lyne, John, and Henry F. Howe. "The Rhetoric of Expertise: E. O. Wilson and Sociobiology." Quarterly Journal of Speech 76 (1990): 134-151.

Mandel, Gerry. "The Presentation of Image in Charles H. Percy's Whistle-Stop Tour of 1966." Central States Speech Journal 21 (1970): 209-216.

McGee, Brian R. "Witnessing and Ethos: The Evangelical Conversion of David Duke." Western Journal of Communication 62 (1998): 214-243.

McGuire, R. R. "Speech Acts, Communicative Competence and the Paradox of Authority." Philosophy and Rhetoric 10 (1977): 30-45.

Miller, Arthur B. "Aristotle on Habit and Character: Implications for the Rhetoric." Speech Monographs 41 (1974): 309-316.

Miller, Carolyn R. "Technology as a Form of Consciousness: A Study of Contemporary Ethos." Central States Speech Journal 29 (1978): 228-236.

Moline, Jon. "Plato on Persuasion and Credibility." Philosophy and Rhetoric 21 (1988): 260-278.

Oft-Rose, Nancy. "The Importance of Ethos." Argumentation and Advocacy 25 (1989): 197-199.

Oravec, Christine. "John Muir, Yosemite, and the Sublime Response: A Study in the Rhetoric of Preservationism." Quarterly Journal of Speech 67 (1981): 245-258.

Overstreet, R. Larry. "Understanding Charisma Through Its History." Central States Speech Journal 29 (1978): 275-282.

Peterson, Tarla Rai. "The Rhetorical Construction of Institutional Authority in a Senate Subcommittee Hearing on Wilderness Legislation." Western Journal of Speech Communication 52 (1988): 259-276.

Phillips, Gerald M. "Use of Authorities as Ethical Proof In the Talmudic Discourse." Speech Monographs 25 (1958): 67-75.

Post, Robert M. "Pathos in Robert Emmet's Speech From the Dock." Western Speech 30 (1966): 19-25.

Procter, David E. "The Dynamic Spectacle: Transforming Experience into Social Forms of Community." Quarterly Journal of Speech 76 (1990): 117-133.

Pross, Edward L. "Practical Implications of the Aristotelian Concept of Ethos." Southern Speech Journal 17 (1951): 257-264.

Prosser, Michael H. "Ethical Proof in the 'Bay of Pigs' Debate." Today's Speech 14 (1966): 21-22.

Rosenthal, Paul I. "The Concept of Ethos and the Structure of Persuasion." Speech Monographs 33 (1966): 114-126.

Ross, David. "The Projection of Credibility as a Rhetorical Strategy in Anwar el-Sadat's Address to the Israeli Parliament." Western Journal of Speech Communication 44 (1980): 74-80.

Sattler, William M. "Conceptions of Ethos in Ancient Rhetoric." Speech Monographs 14 (1947): 55-65.

Scholten, Pat Creech. "Exploitation of Ethos: Sarah Winnemucca and Bright Eyes on the Lecture Tour." Western Journal of Speech Communication 41 (1977): 233-244.

Self, Lois S. "Rhetoric and Phronesis: The Aristotelian Ideal." Philosophy and Rhetoric 12 (1979): 130-145.

Smith, Craig R. "Ethos Dwells Pervasively: A Hermeneutic Reading of Aristotle on Credibility." The Ethos of Rhetoric. Ed. Michael J. Hyde. Greenville: U of South Carolina P, 2004. 1-19.

Smith, Craig R., and Michael J. Hyde. "Rethinking 'the Public': The Role of Emotion in Being-With-Others." Quarterly Journal of Speech 77 (1991): 446-466.

Speer, Diane Parkin. "Milton's Defensio Prima: Ethos and Vituperation in a Polemic Engagement." Quarterly Journal of Speech 56 (1970): 277-283.

Sullivan, Dale L. "The Ethos of Epideictic Encounter." Philosophy and Rhetoric 26 (1993): 113-133.

Taylor, Charles A. "Of Audience, Expertise, and Authority: The Evolving Creationism Debate." Quarterly Journal of Speech 78 (1992): 277-295.

Waddell, Craig. "The Role of Pathos in the Decision-Making Process: A Study in the Rhetoric of Science Policy." Quarterly Journal of Speech 76 (1990): 381-400.

Ware, B. L., and Wil A. Linkugel. "The Rhetorical Persona: Marcus Garvey as Black Moses." Communication Monographs 49 (1982): 50-62.

Watts, Eric King. "African American Ethos and Hermeneutical Rhetoric: An Exploration of Alain Locke's The New Negro." Quarterly Journal of Speech 88 (2002): 19-32.

---. "Cultivating a Black Public Voice: W. E. B. Du Bois and the 'Criteria of Negro Art'." Rhetoric and Public Affairs 4 (2001): 181-201.

Whalen, Ardyce C. "The Presentation of Image in Ella T. Grasso's Campaign." Central States Speech Journal 27 (1976): 207-211.

Whittenberger-Keith, Kari. "The Good Person Behaving Well: Rethinking the Rhetoric of Virtue." Southern Communication Journal 58 (1992): 33-43.

Williams, Donald E. "Protest Under the Cross: The Ku Klux Klan Presents Its Case to the Public." Southern Speech Journal 27 (1961): 43-55.

Winterowd, W. Ross. "The Rhetoric of Beneficence, Authority, Ethical Commitment, and the Negative." Philosophy and Rhetoric 9 (1976): 65-83.

Wisse, Jacob. Ethos and Pathos: From Aristotle to Cicero. Amsterdam: Adolf M. Hakkert, 1989.

Wood, Julia T., and Robert Cox. "Rethinking Critical Voice: Materiality and Situated Knowledges." Western Journal of Communication 57 (1993): 278-287.

Yoos, George E. "A Revision of the Concept of Ethical Appeal." Philosophy and Rhetoric 12 (1979): 41-58.

Zulick, Margaret D. "The Agon of Jeremiah: On the Dialogic Invention of Prophetic Ethos." Quarterly Journal of Speech 78 (1992): 125-148.

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