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References on the Abolition of Slavery, and on Pro-Slavery Rhetoric before the Civil War. Comprehensive on this subject in article literature from peer reviewed academic journals in rhetoric and communication. Selective in books and peer reviewed articles in other disciplines, relevant to anti-slavery and pro-slavery rhetoric in America before the Civil War. Please add articles that fit these categories.


Adeleke, Tunde. "Afro-Americans and Moral Suasion: the Debate in the 1830's." Journal of Negro History 83 (1998): 127-.

Arkin, Marc M. "The Federalist Trope: Power and Passion in Abolitionist Rhetoric." Journal of American History 88 (2001): 75-98.

Augst, Thomas. "Frederick Douglass: Between Speech and Print." Professing Rhetoric : Selected Papers From the 2000 Rhetoric Society of America Conference. Eds. Frederick J.Antczak, Cinda Coggins,and Geoffrey D. Klinger. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2005. 53-61.

Bacon, Jacqueline. "'Acting as Freemen': Rhetoric, Race, and Reform in the Debate over Colonization in Freedom's Journal, 1827-1828." Quarterly Journal of Speech 93/1 (2007): 58-83.

Bacon, Jacqueline. The Humblest May Stand Forth: Rhetoric, Empowerment, and Abolition. Greenville: U of South Carolina P, 2002.

Bass, Jeff D. "An Efficient Humanitarianism: The British Slave Trade Debates, 1791-1792." Quarterly Journal of Speech 75 (1989): 152-165.

Boocker, David. "Garrison, Milton, and the Abolitionist Rhetoric of Demonization". American Periodicals 9. (1999): 15-26.

Bormann, Earnest G. Forerunners of Black Power: The Rhetoric of Abolition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1971.

Bormann, Earnest G."Some Random Thoughts on the Unity or Diversity of the Rhetoric of Abolition."Southern Communication Journal 60 (1995): 266-274.

Browne, Stephen H. Angelina Grimke: Rhetoric, Identity, and the Radical Imagination. East Lansing: Michigan State UP, 1999

Browne, Stephen H. "Encountering Angelina Grimke: Violence, Identity, and the Creation of Radical Community." Quarterly Journal of Speech 82 (1996): 38-54.

Browne, Stephen H. "'Like Gory Spectres': Representing Evil in Theodore Weld's American Slavery As It Is." Quarterly Journal of Speech 80 (1994): 277-292.

Browne, Stephen H. "Textual Style and Radical Critique in William Lloyd Garrison's Thoughts on African Colonization. Communication Studies 47 (1996): 177-190.

Browne, Stephen H. "'This Unparalleled and Inhuman Massacre': The Gothic, the Sacred, and the Meaning of Nat Turner." Rhetoric and Public Affairs 3 (200): 309- .

Burkholder, Thomas R. "Symbolic Martydom: The Ultimate Apology." Southern Communication Journal 56 (1990): 289-297.

Carmack, Paul A. "The Lane Seminary Debates." Central States Speech Journal 1 (1950): 33-39

Chesebrough, David B. Frederick Douglass: Oratory from Slavery. Great American Orators 26. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 1998.

Chesebrough, David B. Theodore Parker: Orator of Superior Ideas. Great American Orators 29. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 1999.

Clark, Elizabeth B. "'The Sacred Rights of the Weak': Pain, Sympathy, and the Culture of Individual Rights in Antebellum America." Journal of American History 82 (1995): 463-493.

Condit, Celeste Michelle, and John Louis Lucaites. "The Rhetoric of Equality and the Expatriation of African-Americans, 1776-1826."Communication Studies 42 (1991): 1-21.

Daly, John Patrick. When Slavery Was Called Freedom: Evangelicalism, Proslavery, and the Causes of the Civil War.Lexington: U of Kentucky P, 2002.

Deacon, Andrea. "Navigating" The Storm, the Whirlwind, and the Earthquake": Re-Assessing Frederick Douglass, the Orator." Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature (2003): 65-81.

Dick, Robert C. "Negro Oratory in the Anti-Slavery Societies: 1830-1860." Western Speech 28 (1964): 5-14

diGiacomantonio, William C. "For the Gratification of a Volunteering Society": Antislavery and Pressure Group Politics in the First Federal Congress." Journal of the Early Republic 15 (1995): 169-197.

Dill, R. Pepper. "An Analysis of Stasis in James H. Thornwell's Sermon, The Rights and Duties of Masters." Journal of Communication and Religion 11 (1988): 19-24.

Douglass, Frederick. "What to the Slave is the 4th of July?" American Speeches: Political Oratory from the Revolution to the Civil War (2006): 526-532.

Ericson, David F. The Debate over Slavery: Antislavery and Proslavery Liberalism in Antebellum America.New York: New York UP, 2000.

Fanuzzi, Robert. "The Trouble with Douglass's Body." American Transcendental Quarterly13 (1999): 27-.

Ferreira, Patricia. "All But 'a Black Skin and Wooly Hair': Frederick Douglass's Witness of the Irish Famine."American Studies International37 (1999): 69.

Finkelman, Paul], ed. Slavery and the Law. Madison, WI: Madison House, 1997.

Fitch, Suzanne Pullon, and Roseann M. Mandziuk. Sojourner Truth as Orator: Wit, Story, and Song. Great American Orators 25. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 1997.

Fulkerson, Gerald. "Frederick Douglass and the Kansas-Nebraska Act: A Case Study in Agitational Versatility." Central States Speech Journal23 (1972): 261-269.

Fulkerson, Gerald. "Exile As Emergence: Frederick Douglass in Great Britain, 1845-1847." Quarterly Journal of Speech60 (1974): 69-82.

Funk, Albert W. "Henry David Thoreau's 'Slavery in Massachusetts'." Western Speech36 (1972): 159-168.

Goodman, Paul. Of One Blood: Abolitionism and the Origins of Racial Equality.Berkeley: U of California P, 1998.

Hammerback, John C. "George W. Julian's Antislavery Crusade." Western Speech37 (1973): 157-165.

Hammerback, John C. "The Rhetoric of a Righteous Reform: George Washington Julian's 1852 Campaign against Slavery." Central States Speech Journal22 (1971): 85-93.

Hartnett, Stephen J. Democratic Dissent and the Cultural Fictions of Antebellum America.Urbana: U of Illinois P, 2002.

Hasian, Marouf. "Jurisprudence as Performance: John Brown's Enactment of Natural Law at Harper's Ferry."Quarterly Journal of Speech86 (200): 190-213.

Hemmer, Joseph J. "Robert A. Toombs Speaks for the South." Southern Speech Journal28 (1963): 251-259.

Hillbruner, Anthony. "Inequality, the Great Chain of Being, and Ante-Bellum Southern Oratory." Southern Speech Journal 25 (1959): 172-189.

Japp, Phyllis M. "Esther or Isaiah?: The Abolitionist-feminist Rhetoric of Angelina Grimke." Quarterly Journal of Speech71.3 (1985): 35-348.

Jasinski, James. "Constituting Antebellum African American Identity: Resistance, Violence, and Masculinity in Henry Highland Garnet's 1843 'Address to the Slaves'."  Quarterly Journal of Speech 93/1 (2007): 27-57.

Jeffrey, Julie Roy. The Great Silent Army of Abolitionism: Ordinary Women in the Antislavery Movement.Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1998.

Kennicott, Patrick C. "Black Persuaders in the Antislavery Movement." Speech Monographs37 (1970): 15-24.

Kerr, Andrea Moore. Lucy Stone: Speaking Out for Equality. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 1992.

Kraditor, Aileen. Means and Ends in American Abolitionism: Garrison and His Critics on Strategy and Tactics, 1834-1850.New York: Pantheon, 1969.

Kurtz, Jeffrey B. "Condemning Webster: Judgment and Audience in Emerson's 'Fugitive Slave Law.'"Quarterly Journal of Speech87 (2001): 278-290.

Lampe, Gregory P. Frederick Douglass: Freedom's Voice, 1818-1845. East Lansing: Michigan State UP, 1998.

Lowance, Mason I., and Ellen E. Westbrook. The Stowe Debate: Rhetorical Strategies in Uncle Tom's Cabin. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1994.

Logue, Cal M. "Transcending Coercion: The Communicative Strategies of Black Slaves on Antebellum Plantations." Quarterly Journal of Speech67 (1981): 31-46.

Logue, Cal M., and Eugene F. Miller. "Communicative Interaction and Rhetorical Status in Harriet Ann Jacobs' Slave Narrative." Southern Communication Journal 63 (1998): 182-198.

Mailloux, Steven. "Re-Marking Slave Bodies: Rhetoric as Production and Reception." Philosophy & Rhetoric35 (2002): 96-119.

Mayer, Henry. All on Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of Slavery.New York: St. Martin's P, 1998.

McBride, Dwight A. Impossible Witnesses: Truth, Abolitionism, and Slave Testimony.New York: New York UP, 2001.

McClure, Kevin R. "Frederick Douglass' Use of Comparison in his Fouth of July Oration: A Textual Criticism.Western Journal of Communication64 (2000): 425-444.

McCormick, L. Ray. "James Henley Thornwell and the Spirituality of the Church: Foundation for a Proslave Ideology." Journal of Communication and Religion19 (1996): 59-67.

McDorman, Todd F. "Challenging Constitutional Authority: African American Responses to Scott v. Sandford." Quarterly Journal of Speech 83 (1997): 192-209.

McKivigan, John R., ed. Abolitionism and American Politics and Government. History of the Abolitionist Movement 3. New York: Garland, 1999.

McKivigan, John R., ed. Abolitionism and American Reform. History of the Abolitionist Movement 1. New York: Garland, 1999.

McKivigan, John R., ed. Abolitionism and American Religion.History of the Abolitionist Movement 2. New York: Garland, 1999.

McKivigan, John R., ed. Abolitionism and Issues of Race and Gender.History of the Abolitionist Movement 4. New York: Garland, 1999.

McKivigan, John R., and Stanley Harrold, eds. Antislavery Violence: Sectional, Racial, and Cultural Conflict in Antebellum America.Knoxville: U of Tennessee P, 1999.

Miller, Keith D., and Kevin Quashie. "Slave Mutiny as Argument, Argument as Fiction, Fiction as America: The Case of Frederick Douglass's 'The Heroic Slave'." Southern Communication Journal 63 (1998): 199-207.

Monsma, John W. "John Brown: The Two-Edged Sword of Abolition." Central States Speech Journal13 (1961): 22-29.

Morris, Charles E. "'Our Capital Aversion': Abigail Folsom, Madness, & Radical Antislavery Praxis." Women's Studies in Communication24 (2001): 62-.

Newman, Richard S. The Transformation of American Abolitionism: Fighting Slavery in the Early Republic. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 2002.

Reynolds, Amy. "William Lloyd Garrison, Benjamin Lundy and Criminal libel: The Abolitionists' Plea for Press Freedom. Communication Law and Policy6 (2001): 577-607.

Robertson, Stacy M. "'A Hard, Cold, Stern Life': Parker Pillsbury and Grassroots Abolitionism, 1840-1865." New England Quarterly70 (1997): 179-210.

Rogers, William B. "We Are All Together Now": Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, and the Prophetic Tradition.New York: Garland, 1995.

Sanchez-Eppler, Karen. Touching Liberty : Abolition, Feminism, and the Politics of the Body. Berkeley: U of California P, 1993.

Sanger, Kerran L. "Slave Resistance and Rhetorical Self-Definition: Spirituals as a Strategy." Western Journal of Communication59 (1995): 177-192.

Selby, Gary S. "The Limits of Accommodation: Frederick Douglass and the Garrisonian Abolitionists."Southern Communication Journal 66 (2000): 52-66.

Selby, Gary S. "Mocking the Sacred: Frederick Douglass's 'Slaveholder's Sermon' and the Antebellum Debate over Religion and Slavery." Quarterly Journal of Speech88 (2002): 326-341.

Smith, Arthur L. "Henry Highland Garnet: Black Revolutionary in Sheep's Vestments." Central States Speech Journal21 (1970): 93-98.

Smith, Ralph R., and Russell R. Windes. "The Interpretation of Abolitionist Rhetoric: Historiography, Rhetorical Method, and History." Southern Communication Journal60 (1995): 303-311.

Speicher, Anna M. The Religious World of Antislavery Women: Spirituality in the Lives of Five Abolitionist Lecturers. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 2000.

Speicher, Anna M. "Symbolic Convergence and Abolitionism: A Terministic Reinterpretation." Southern Communication Journal59 (1993): 45-59.

Stauffer, John. The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race.Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2001. Sterling, Dorothy. Ahead of Her Time: Abby Kelley and the Politics of Anti-Slavery. New York: W. W. Norton, 1991.

Strong, Douglas M. Perfectionist Politics: Abolitionism and the Religious Tensions of American Democracy.Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 1999.

Sweet, Leonard I. "The Fourth of July and Black Americans in the Nineteenth Century: Northern Leadership Opinion Within the Context of the Black Experience." Journal of Negro History 61 (1976):

Terrill, Robert E. "Irony, Silence and Time: Frederick Douglass on the Fifth of July." Quarterly Journal of Speech 89 (2003): 216-234.

Towns, Stuart. Oratory and Rhetoric in the Nineteenth-Century South: A Rhetoric of Defense.Westport, CT: Praeger, 1998.

Vorenberg, Michael. Final Freedom: The Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment. Cambridge Historical Studies in American Law and Society. New York: Cambridge UP, 2001.

Vonnegut, Kristin S. "Poison or Panacea?: Sarah Moore Grimké's Use of the Public Letter." Communication Studies 46 (1995): 73-88.

Wagner, Gerard A. "Sojourner Truth: God's Appointed Apostle of Reform." Southern Speech Journal 28 (1962): 123-130.

Weaver, Richard L. "The Negro Issue: Agitation in the Michigan Lyceum." Central States Speech Journal22 (1971): 196-201.

Whitby, Gary L. "Economic Elements of Opposition to Abolition and Support of South by Bennett in New York Herald." Journalism Quarterly 65 (1988): 78-84.

Whitby, Gary L. "Horns of a Dilemma: The Sun, Abolition, and the 1833-34 New York Riots." Journalism Quarterly67 (1990): 410-419.

Wiethoff, William. The Insolent Slave. Greenville: U of South Carolina P, 2002.

Williams, Rev. Peter. 1830. "This is Our Country." Ripples of Hope: Grea American Civil Rights Speeches . Edited by Josh Gottheimer. New York City, New York: Basic Civitas Books, January 1.

Wilson, Ivy G. "On Native Ground: Transnationalism, Frederick Douglass, and" The Heroic Slave"." PMLA (2006): 453-468.

Zaeske, Susan. "Signature of Citizenship: The Rhetoric of Women's Antislavery Petitions." Quarterly Journal of Speech 88 (2002): 147-168.

Zeitz, Joshua Michael. "The Missouri Compromise Reconsidered: Antislavery Rhetoric and the Emergence of the
Free Labor Synthesis." Journal of the Early Republic20 (2000): 447-449.